allergy refers to an exaggerated reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances that are generally not harmful. It is exaggerated because these foreign substances are usually seen by the body as harmless and no response occurs in non- allergic people. Allergic peoples bodies recognize the foreign substance and one part of the immune system is turned on. Allergy-producing substances are called "allergens." Examples of allergens include pollens Rose Lavelle USA Jersey , dust mite, molds, food allergy rash, danders, and foods.
Nearly 20% of Americans suffers from allergies
Uncover your allergy triggers
Allergies are an abnormal response of the immune system where the body's defenses react to a usually harmless substance in the environment, such as pollen, animal dander, or food. Almost anything can trigger an allergic reaction, which can range from mild and annoying to sudden and life-threatening. Here are 10 of the most common triggers.
A magnified view of sunflower pollen Pollen
Exposure to pollen from trees, grasses Morgan Brian USA Jersey , and weeds can trigger hay fever or seasonal allergies. Symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, and itchy, watery eyes. Treatments include over-the-counter products, prescription drugs, and allergy shots. Prevent symptoms by staying indoors on windy days when pollen counts are high, closing windows, and running the air conditioning.
A dust mite in a dust ball with various hairs, plant parts Meghan Klingenberg USA Jersey , and debris
Dust mites are microscopic organisms that live in house dust. They thrive in areas of high humidity and feed on the dead skin cells of humans and their pets, as well as on pollen, bacteria, and fungi. Help prevent dust mite allergies by covering mattresses, pillows, and box springs, using hypoallergenic pillows, washing sheets weekly in hot water, and keeping the house free of dust collecting-items such as stuffed animals, curtains Megan Rapinoe USA Jersey , and carpet.
Insect stings inject venom that can trigger an allergic reaction Keep pets off furniture and wash pets weekly to ease your allergy symptoms Food allergies are on the rise in the U.S.; peanuts are a common allergen Allergies Medications
Definition of Allergies: An allergy is an exaggerated immune response or reaction to substances that are generally not harmful.
Drugs associated with Allergies
The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Allergies. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.
Generic Name: diphenhydramine (DYE fen HYE dra meen)
Brand Names: Aler-Tab, Allergy, Allermax, Altaryl, Benadryl Allergy Mallory Pugh USA Jersey , Benadryl DF, Benadryl Dye Free Allergy, Benadryl Ultratab, Children's Allergy, Diphen Cough, Diphenhist, Dytuss, PediaCare Children's Allergy, Q-Dryl, Q-Dryl AF Lindsey Horan USA Jersey , Siladryl, Siladryl Allergy, Silphen Cough, Simply Sleep, Sleep-ettes, Sleep-ettes D, Sominex Maximum Strength Caplet, Theraflu Thin Strips Multi Symptom, Triaminic Thin Strips Cough & Runny Nose, Unisom Sleepgels Maximum Strength Kelley OHara USA Jersey , Valu-Dryl Allergy Formula Liquid Class Name: antihistamine (Oral route, Parenteral route, Rectal route) Uses For This Medicine Antihistamines are used to relieve or prevent the symptoms of hay fever and other types of allergy. They work by preventing the effects of a substance called histamine, which is produced by the body. Histamine can cause itching, sneezing, runny nose, and watery eyes. Also, in some persons histamine can close up the bronchial tubes (air passages of the lungs) and make breathing difficult.
Some of the antihistamines are also used to prevent motion sickness, nausea, vomiting Julie Johnston USA Jersey , and dizziness. In patients with Parkinson's disease, diphenhydramine may be used to decrease stiffness and tremors. Also, the syrup form of diphenhydramine is used to relieve the cough due to colds or hay fever. In addition, since antihistamines may cause drowsiness as a side effect, some of them may be used to help people go to sleep.
Hydroxyzine is used in the treatment of nervous and emotional conditions to help control anxiety. It can also be used to help control anxiety and produce sleep before surgery.
Some antihistamines are used in the treatment of chronic urticaria, which is a persistent hive-like rash.
Antihistamines may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Some antihistamine preparations are available only with your doctor's prescription. Others are available without a prescription. However, your doctor may have special instructions on the proper dose of the medicine for your medical condition.
Do not give any over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicine to a baby or child under 4 years of age. Using these medicines in very young children might cause serious or possibly life-threatening side effects .
Once a medicine has been approved for marketing for a certain use, experience may show that it is also useful for other medical problems. Although these uses are not included in product labeling, some antihistamines are used in certain patients with the following medical conditions:
Appetite stimulant in children and adults (cyprohepatadine)
Asthma together with asthma medicines before and during exposure to substances that cause reactions, to prevent or reduce bronchospasm (wheezing or difficulty in breathing) (cetirizine and loratadine)
Vascular headache treatment (cyprohepatadine)
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